Udyam Certificate vs. Previous MSME Registration: A Comparative Analysis

Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) form the backbone of India’s economy, contributing significantly to employment generation and overall industrial growth. To better support these enterprises, the Indian government introduced the Udyam Certificate, replacing the previous Udyam registration online system. This shift aimed to address the limitations of the old system and offer enhanced benefits to businesses. Let’s delve deeper into the differences between the Udyam Certificate and the previous MSME registration, along with their implications. The previous system classified MSMEs based on their investments in plant and machinery, which often led to skewed representations of the enterprises’ scale and operations. While this categorization provided certain advantages, such as priority lending and concessions, it was criticized for being outdated and not aligned with the evolving business dynamics.

Previous MSME Registration:

Under the previous MSME registration process, enterprises were categorized based on their investment in plant and machinery or equipment. This categorization led to the issuance of an MSME registration certificate. The criteria for classification were as follows:

  • Micro Enterprise: Investment up to Rs. 25 lakh
  • Small Enterprise: Investment between Rs. 25 lakh and Rs. 5 crore
  • Medium Enterprise: Investment between Rs. 5 crore and Rs. 10 crore

While this classification helped businesses access certain benefits like priority lending, reduced interest rates, and easier access to government schemes, the process was often criticized for being complex, time-consuming, and not aligned with the evolving business landscape.

Udyam Certificate:

The Udyam Registration, introduced on July 1, 2020, simplified and streamlined the registration process for MSMEs. The new system shifted the focus from investment in plant and machinery to the enterprise’s annual turnover for classification, making it more reflective of the enterprise’s actual size and operations. The classification criteria under the Udyam Registration are as follows:

  • Micro Enterprise: Turnover up to Rs. 5 crore
  • Small Enterprise: Turnover between Rs. 5 crore and Rs. 75 crore
  • Medium Enterprise: Turnover between Rs. 75 crore and Rs. 250 crore

Benefits and Implications:

  • Simplicity and Clarity: The Udyam Registration brought about a clear and straightforward classification based on turnover. This reduced confusion and made it easier for businesses to determine their category.
  • Inclusion of Services: Unlike the previous system that primarily considered manufacturing enterprises, the Udyam Registration includes service-based enterprises as well, broadening the scope of recognition.
  • Access to Benefits: Both systems offer benefits such as collateral-free loans, lower interest rates, and access to government schemes. However, the Udyam Registration widens the range of these benefits by encompassing a larger number of businesses.
  • Digital Platform: The Udyam Registration is conducted through an online portal, enabling businesses to register, update, and manage their information more efficiently.

Key Differences and Implications:

  • Accurate Representation: The Udyam Certificate ensures that the recognition of enterprises is more accurate, as turnover is a direct indicator of an enterprise’s economic activity and size.
  • Digital Transformation: Unlike the previous paper-based registration process, the Udyam Certificate is facilitated through an online portal, simplifying and expediting the registration process, while also making updates and modifications more seamless.
  • Inclusion of Service Sector: One of the most significant shifts brought by the Udyam Certificate is the inclusion of service sector enterprises in the registration process, reflecting the growing importance of services in the Indian economy.
  • Access to Benefits: Both systems offer benefits such as credit at concessional rates, tax subsidies, and access to government schemes. However, the Udyam Certificate extends these advantages to a broader spectrum of enterprises.


You can also    Print Udyam certificate 


The transition from the previous MSME registration to the Udyam Certificate signifies a strategic move towards a more contemporary and responsive framework. The new system’s focus on turnover-based classification and its inclusive approach toward both manufacturing and services reflect the changing face of India’s entrepreneurial landscape. By embracing technology and simplifying procedures, the Udyam Certificate strives to empower MSMEs with accurate recognition and enhanced access to benefits. This transition underscores the government’s commitment to nurturing the growth and development of these enterprises, ultimately contributing to the nation’s economic prosperity.


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